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Lummi Nation

FY15 Project
South Fork Nooksack River Skookum-Edfro Restoration Project

Project Summary

The Lummi Nation will construct 16 engineered log jams (ELJs) in the mainstem South Fork Nooksack River, consisting of five “woody knarl” and eleven “rackster” ELJs. The project will also augment three existing engineered logjams constructed in 2010, remove 600 feet of riprap to provide additional opportunities for woody cover, and place floodplain roughening structures to prevent flooding. Endangered early spring Chinook salmon and bull trout will benefit from 16 new primary pools and more pools may develop indirectly as increased roughness causes dynamic equilibrium. Scour pools provide thermal refugia (holding pools) from elevated South Fork water temperatures during summer spawning months. All features are focused on enhancement of endangered Spring Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) habitat by maximizing natural habitat-forming processes inherent in this reach of river.

Project Reports

FY14 Project
Middle Fork Porter Creek Reach Phase 1 Restoration Project

Project Summary
The Lummi Nation will construct 11 engineered log jams (ELJs) in the mainstem Middle Fork Nooksack River, consisting of three Type I, two Type II, and six Type III ELJs. Endangered early spring Chinook salmon and bull trout will benefit from 11 new primary pools and more pools may develop indirectly as increased roughness causes dynamic equilibrium. Scour pools provide thermal refugia (holding pools) from elevated Middle Fork water temperatures during summer spawning months, in addition to pools for juvenile overwintering (rearing pools). All features are focused on enhancement of endangered Spring Chinook habitat by maximizing natural habitat-forming processes inherent in this reach of river.

Project Reports

FY13 Project
South Fork Nooksack River Larson’s Bridge Reach Phase 2 Restoration Project

Project Summary
The Lummi Nation will construct up to 29 engineered log jams (ELJs) in the mainstem South Fork Nooksack River, consisting of at least nine Type I, nine Type II, three Type III, and five Type IV ELJs. Endangered early spring Chinook salmon and bull trout will benefit from 23 primary pools and more pools may develop indirectly as increased roughness causes dynamic equilibrium. Scour pools provide thermal refugia (holding pools) from elevated South Fork water temperatures during summer spawning months, in addition to pools for juvenile overwintering (rearing pools). All features are focused on enhancement of endangered Spring Chinook habitat by maximizing natural habitat-forming processes inherent in this reach of river.

Project Reports

FY12 Project
Smuggler’s Slough Fish Passage Barriers & Development of a Strategy to Address Sediment Impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River – Year 3

Project Summary
The Lummi Nation will engage in two projects: (1) the design for the removal and replacement of two undersized culverts on Smuggler’s Slough on the Lummi Nation Reservation. This project will also control invasive plants and install a 2.0 acre riparian buffer adjacent to the two culvers. Endangered juvenile Chinook salmon and other salmonids will benefit from access to an additional 1.45 miles of habitat and improved passage through these two culverts; and (2) the continued development of a strategy to address sediment impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River. A feasibility and alternatives analysis will be developed for a bridge replacement and landslide stabilization project on a road crossing on upper Skookum Creek. The feasibility study will include initial consultation with road owner, land owner, and regulatory agencies, pre-project monitoring to characterize existing riparian and aquatic habitat conditions, and development of an alternatives analysis report for bridge replacement and landslide stabilization structures.

Project Reports

FY11 Project
Development of a Strategy to Address Sediment Impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River & South Fork Nooksack River Cavanaugh Island Restoration Project

Project Summary
The Lummi Nation will engage in two projects: (1) the continued development of a strategy to address sediment impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River (expanded to the Elk Flats area) to assess the physical conditions of active, abandoned, and orphaned forest roads by collaborating with private and public forest owners; and update a recent master’s thesis on measuring the amount of sediment input by source, focusing on updating landslide and streambank erosion data; and (2) the construction of 6 engineered log jams (ELJs) in the mainstem South Fork Nooksack River, consisting of three Type I ELJs, three Type II ELJs, and 10 habitat log structures (2 key pieces) in order to restore salmon habitat in WRIA 1. Endangered early spring Chinook salmon and bull trout will benefit from at least 6 new scour pools; more pools may develop indirectly as increased roughness causes dynamic equilibrium.

Project Reports

FY10 Project
Development of a Strategy to Address Sediment Impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River

Project Summary
Lummi Nation, in developing a strategy to address sediment impacts in the South Fork Nooksack River, will: (1) assess the physical conditions of active, abandoned, and orphaned forest roads by collaborating with private and public forest owners; and (2) update a recent master’s thesis on measuring the amount of sediment input by source, focusing on updating landslide and streambank erosion data.

Project Reports

FY08 Project
Lummi Schelangen Restoration

Project Summary
The Lummi Nation project will result in the development a written description of relationship between Lummi Schelangen (i.e. way of life) and tribal understanding of the ecosystem of WRIA 1 and surrounding estuarine and marine areas. This includes the synthesis of Lummi knowledge and activities associated with the ecosystem to develop a list of projects and implementation actions for each area of recovery. The project will also support coordination roles with members of Whatcom Action Area to integrate and prioritize lists of actions. Project will also support tribal Ecosystem Coordination Board representation, where a Lummi Nation representative will participate in the development/identification of issues affecting North Puget Sound Tribes as it pertains to the action agenda.

Project Reports

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