Ground-Based Topographic Survey to Enhance Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Constructing Upper Clarks Creek Bank Stabilization Projects & Clarks Creek Riparian and Upland Planting Project
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians will engage in two projects: (1) conducting both main stem and tributary bank stabilization ground truth topographic surveys in upper Clarks Creek watershed to improve the accuracy and specificity of PS&E designs for construction, developing the SEPA checklist and coordinating with permitting agencies including Corps of Engineers and project partners, building physical structural model of restoration features, and designing charrette with project partners; and (2) and riparian and uplands planting on recent acquisition of a 5+ acre parcel on Clarks Creek by the Puyallup Tribe. Planting will provide riparian shade in an important salmon-bearing stream located on the Puyallup Reservation, provide a food base for salmon, and provide additional bank stability to reduce bank erosion.
Clarks Creek Channel and Tributary Bank Stabilization Projects
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians will develop 100% level plans, specifications, and cost estimates that prescribe the best engineering methods for the two bank stabilization projects that are the first and second ranked highest sources of sediment from in-channel processes contributing to the sediment impairment in Clarks Creek. Source control and non-point runoff is a major threat to the recovery of anadromous salmon, steelhead, and bull trout in the Puyallup River basin and a leading cause of impairment. Implementing innovative bank stabilization projects at key transects in urban basins will result in reducing pollutants loads entering Clarks Creek and prevent them from eventually entering Puget Sound.
Greenwater River Steelhead Acclimation Pond
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians will identify a site and build an acclimation pond for winter steelhead on Midnight Creek, a tributary to the Greenwater River, White River, in King County, Washington. Winter steelhead are listed under the Endangered Species Act in the White River watershed and currently have a Hatchery Genetic Management Plan in place, which continues to direct recovery efforts. As part of the plan, each year wild returning adults are spawned, juveniles are reared and then released the following year as smolt into the mainstem White River from the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe’s spring Chinook hatchery. The Greenwater River is a major spawning tributary to the White and an acclimation pond is needed in the upper watershed to acclimate steelhead to a more natural rearing environment, rather than rearing in the lower river in artificial ponds.
Wade Residence Property Acquisition
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians will acquire 5.7 acres of privately owned land in lower South Prairie Creek that has substantial ecological benefits including: spring fed tributary, riparian corridor, wetland habitat, and flood prone channel migration zone (CMZ). The purchase will include acquisition, site clean-up, and invasive species management/riparian restoration in cooperation with the Pierce County Conservation District. Protection of South Prairie Creek is a high priority to the Puyallup Tribe of Indians as it is the primary spawning grounds for Fall Chinook salmon in the basin.
Stormwater Monitoring and Sediment Oxygen Demand Investigation on Clarks Creek To Support the Use of Stormwater Flow as a Surrogate for Determining TMDL Waste Load Allocations
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians will conduct a sediment oxygen demand and stormwater monitoring investigation on Clarks Creek, an ESA designated critical habitat for salmon spawning and rearing, in order to complete and implement a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for dissolved oxygen. This TMDL project is the first in Puget Sound to use storm flow volumes as surrogate waste load allocations and is considered a pilot project that can be applied to other impaired, urban streams in the Puget Sound to improve stormwater management.
Reducing Effective Imperious Surface in small Urban Catchment Using Low Impact Development Practices
This project was directly administered by the EPA; the project description, funding amount, and information for all FY09 Tribal Implementation Assistance Grants can be found on the EPA website.
Greenwater River Large Woody Debris (LWD) Phase II
This project will build upon Engineered Log Jam (ELJ) work already funded through the SRFB in 2006. Substantial engineering and permitting/NEPA costs can be economized by funding this request. Ownership of the Greenwater River is divided between private forest land and US Forest Service holdings. Hancock Timber has expressed interest in partnering this project; LiDAR and geomorphic analyses will determine appropriate placement of ELJs and other wood structures. ELJs will contribute to natural riverine processes, and will immediately provide complex habitat for salmonids in the watershed. The WRIA 10 Salmon Strategy specifically calls for increasing large wood in the Greenwater River to increase salmonid abundance in the White River. This project will be completed in cooperation with the South Puget Sound Salmon Enhancement Group.