Puget Sound Partnership-NWIFC

Information Related to Puget Sound Partnership and Federally Recognized Puget Sound Tribes and Tribal Consortia
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Tulalip Tribes

FY16 Project
Monitoring water resources on the Tulalip Reservation; Monitoring ecosystem response to restoration and climate change in the Snohomish River estuary and Whidbey Basin drainage; Evaluating the use of beaver relocation as an ecosystem tool in headwater streams of the Snohomish River Basin; Monitoring of chemical and morphological changes to soils in post-breach estuary restoration sites

Project Summary

Monitoring of hydrologic conditions and flows on the Tulalip Reservation are critical to help assess climate change impacts and to project water use, availability, and surface water budgeting needed to manage water resources. These water resources are not only important to Tulalip Tribes’ natural heritage, but directly influence the fish, wildlife, plants, and habitat integrity across the Reservation. This proposal seeks $23,000 to cover a portion of the Tulalip cost share ($46,000) of a one-year cooperative stream gage subcontract between the Tulalip Tribes and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), to operate four stream gauges for essential surface water monitoring on the three primary streams on the Tulalip Indian Reservation in 2017.

The Snohomish River estuary and Whidbey Basin drainage is an important part of the Tulalip Tribes’ natural heritage, and improvement in the condition of these areas are a major component of Puget Sound ecosystem management, including the Puget Sound Partnership Action Agenda (Puget Sound Partnership 2012), and the Snohomish River Basin Salmon Recovery Plan (Snohomish Basin Salmon Recovery Forum 2005). Scientific information that provides foundational understanding of this ecosystem and its response to management actions (e.g., restoration) and anthropogenic alteration (e.g., climate change) is critical for adaptive management. The proposed work facilitates continued estuary-wide and post restoration biological monitoring of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) use, distribution, and demographic composition as well as physical and water chemistry and ensures continued collaborative monitoring effort.

The Tulalip Tribes is currently executing a project to re-establish beaver populations and monitor baseline conditions of headwater stream reaches within the Snohomish River Watershed. In other studies, beaver have been shown to improve forest structure, provide greater flood abatement, increase groundwater recharge, provide habitat for fish and wildlife, and improve water quality. The proposed project would involve the relocation of nuisance beavers and would monitor the effects of these relocated beavers on the riparian environment. The FY15 Tulalip project aims to assess observed ecological benefits to identify the value of reintroducing beavers into unoccupied forested areas. Project goals include monitoring ecological impacts of beaver relocation, and evaluating relocation strategies. Providing support for the ecological benefits of beaver relocation will help to identify how beaver can be used as a conservation tool to increase ecosystem services.

The rate at which soils reach a new chemical and morphological equilibrium in post-breach brackish estuary restoration sites is unknown. We hypothesize that transition of soils from freshwater, aerobic to brackish, anaerobic systems triggers the inflection point at which restored sites support target resources and functions.

Project Reports

FY15 Project
Monitoring Ecosystem Response to Restoration and Climate Change in the Snohomish River Estuary & Evaluating the Use of Beaver Relocation as an Ecosystem Tool in Headwater Steams of the Snohomish River Basin

Project Summary

The Tulalip Tribes will engage in two projects: (1) continuing to support Snohomish River estuary-wide biological monitoring with particular emphasis on physical and water chemistry.  Scientific information that provides foundational understanding of this ecosystem and its response to management actions (e.g., restoration) and anthropogenic alteration (e.g. climate change) is critical for adaptive management; (2) monitoring hydrologic conditions and flows on the Tulalip Reservation, which is critical to help assess climate change impacts and to project water use, availability, and surface water budgeting needed to manage water resources; and (3) assess observed ecological benefits to identify the value of reintroducing beavers into unoccupied forested areas. Project goals include monitoring ecological impacts of beaver relocation, and evaluating relocation strategies.

Project Reports

FY14 Project
Monitoring Ecosystem Response to Restoration and Climate Change in the Snohomish River Estuary & Monitoring Water Resources on the Tulalip Reservation

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribes will engage in two projects: (1) continuing to support Snohomish River estuary-wide biological monitoring with particular emphasis on fish and zooplankton assemblages and genetic assessment of DNA samples to assess salmonid origin and stock contribution (Skykomish vs. Snoqualmie vs. out of basin). Scientific information that provides foundational understanding of this ecosystem and its response to management actions (e.g., restoration) and anthropogenic alteration (e.g., climate change) is critical for adaptive management; and (2) monitoring hydrologic conditions and flows on the Tulalip Reservation, which is critical to help assess climate change impacts and to project water use, availability, and surface water budgeting needed to manage water resources.

Project Reports

FY13 Project
Monitoring Ecosystem Response to Restoration and Climate Change in the Snohomish River Estuary; Evaluating the Use of Beaver Relocation as an Ecosystem Tool in Headwater Steams of the Snohomish River Basin; Support and Analysis of Pilot Study for EPA Triple Value Simulation Project for the Snohomish and Stillaguamish Basins.

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribes will continue to engage in three projects: (1) engaging in Snohomish River estuary-wide biological monitoring with particular emphasis on juvenile Chinook salmon and avian use; and initiate long-term monitoring of hydrology (temperature, salinity, and water levels), elevation, and sediment dynamics at selected sites across the estuary; (2) identifying optimal sites for the relocation of nuisance beavers in the Snohomish River Watershed and monitoring the effects of these relocated beavers to assess observed ecological benefits and identify the value of reintroducing beavers into unoccupied forested areas; and (3) providing staff support, research, and analysis for a partnership with EPA to conduct a pilot study on the application of EPA’s Triple Value (3V) simulation model as a tool to inform management and policy initiatives to improve sustainability and resilience in the Snohomish and Stillaguamish basins.

Project Reports

FY12 Project
Monitoring Ecosystem Response to Restoration and Climate Change in the Snohomish River Estuary

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribes will utilize this funding to continue and extend Snohomish River estuary-wide biological monitoring with particular emphasis on juvenile Chinook salmon and avian use; and initiate long-term monitoring of hydrology (temperature, salinity, and water levels), elevation, and sediment dynamics at selected sites across the estuary. The Snohomish River estuary is an important part of the Tulalip Tribes’ natural heritage, and improvement in the condition of this and other estuaries is a major component of Puget Sound ecosystem management, including the Puget Sound Partnership Action Agenda and the Snohomish River Basin Salmon Recovery Plan. Scientific information that provides foundational understanding of this ecosystem and its response to management actions (e.g., restoration) and anthropogenic alteration (e.g., climate change) is critical for adaptive management.

Project Reports

FY11 Project
A Comparative Analysis of Resource Management and Restoration Policies and Authorities of the Tulalip Tribes and Adjacent or Overlapping Jurisdictions; Baseline Budgets and Goals to Increase Carbon, Nitrogen and Water Storage in the Snohomish River Basin; Using Beaver as an Ecosystem Service Provider on Forestlands in the Snohomish River Basin; & The Snohomish Senior Leadership Conference

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribes will engage in four projects: (1) conducting a comparative analysis of resource management and restoration policies and authorities of the Tulalip Tribes and adjacent or overlapping jurisdictions, resulting in a report that will identify potential areas of conflict and make recommendations for potential resolution, where appropriate; (2) determining carbon and nitrogen budgets in the Snohomish Basin and identifying a carbon augmentation goal for the Basin, utilizing an integrated model of the Snohomish Basin that will have the ability to inform the development of funding mechanisms for investment in natural infrastructure restoration and conservation; (3) investigating the ecological benefits of beaver in the Snohomish River Basin through identification of the current beaver population, monitoring ecological benefits, and evaluating the feasibility of relocation strategies; and (4) holding a two-day Snohomish Senior Leadership Conference to identify and move projects forward that benefit all sectors across the Snohomish basin: farms, the environment, forestry and business.

Project Reports

FY10 Project
Pilchuck Watershed Protection Strategy; Baseline Budgets and Goals to Increase Carbon, Nitrogen and Water Storage in the Snohomish River Basin; A Comparative Analysis of Resource Management and Restoration Policies and Authorities of the Tulalip Tribes and Adjacent or Overlapping Jurisdictions; and Building Healthy Soils in the French Creek Watershed through Community Engagement and Stewardship

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribes will engage in four projects: (1) identifying protection priorities based on benefits to Chinook salmon recovery by utilizing Watershed Characterization results and current subbasin data, including known impairments, zoning information, and resource management plans and ecosystem service information; (2) providing additional support for an FY11-supported project conducting comparative analysis of resource management and restoration policies and authorities of the Tulalip Tribes and adjacent or overlapping jurisdictions; (3) providing additional support for an FY11-supported project creating an integrated model of the Snohomish Basin that provides carbon and nitrogen budgets and identifies a carbon augmentation goal for the Basin; and (4) providing a targeted outreach campaign in the French Creek Watershed to build a sense of communal and comprehensive environmental stewardship.

Project Reports

FY09 Project
Innovative Planning, Design and Regulatory Approaches to Protect Water Resources in Quilceda Creek

Project Information
This project was directly administered by the EPA; the project description, funding amount, and information for all FY09 Tribal Implementation Assistance Grants can be found on the EPA website.

FY08 Project
An Investigation of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Use of Small Non-natal Coastal Streams in the Whidbey Basin

Project Summary
The Tulalip Tribe proposal includes three distinct elements. The first is an assessment of the role of non-natal streams as rearing and refuge habitat for juvenile Chinook and other salmon in the Whidbey Basin. This will involve small stream sampling study to better understand how, when, and where juvenile Chinook utilize small non-natal coastal streams. The results can be applied for assessing protection and restoration priorities within the basin. The second element will focus on the coordination of harvest and hatchery management with the habitat projects in the basin resulting a single prioritized list of projects for salmon recovery in the basin. The third element includes actions that are part of a larger 10 step process to establish an ecosystem based management plan in Port Susan. The actions are to identify up to 8 focal conservation targets and assesses the viability of focal conservation targets.

Project Reports

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